The royal palace of Madrid was built some years after 1734 to house the royal household of Spain. The idea of building this castle was conceived when there was a fire outbreak during the Christmas season of the previous year. It could have been put out but people thought that the fire alarm was actually the Christmas bell. The former royal house was razed down and many pictures are gone with it. Though what caused the fire was not known, the reigning king of Spain, King Philip V who never appreciated the old royal house used that opportunity to build a palace that would befit him. To make sure that he got the best, he asked for the best architect so that a good master plan can be made available.
It took time to get Filippo Juvarra to come to Madrid. Filippo was a great Italian architect whose works were renowned that he had few competitors in the whole of Europe. He already had designed a palace for King John of Portugal twenty years back. When he came to Madrid, he designed a much larger palace than what you would see in Madrid. It took him about nine months to complete the design and, it was too big that he even advised King Philip to look for a bigger plus more leveled ground for the construction. This recommendation disturbed the king who wanted the best for himself but unfortunately, Filippo died suddenly confusing how his plan was to be executed.
Luckily, a few of Filippo’s students were found and one of them agreed to look at the work. Bautista Sacchetti took that plan and remodeled it to be fitted in its present place. The remodeling was so good that the King decided to go with it. The building of a royal palace in Madrid started in 1736. Due to the flammable nature of wood, its usage was advised in the building of that palace but mahogany is used for the doors because of termite resistance. Sacchetti later handed the work over to Sabatini to complete.
The palace was completed after sixteen years of constant work without opposition. King Philip was lucky to have a total peaceful reign of about forty-five years, which helped to focus his kingdom on finishing the royal house. The house was built using white plus gray stones on the outside while the interior part has many Italian marbles and tiles. This royal palace is so large that it is separated into three thousand, four hundred and eighteen rooms. These rooms include a royal pharmacy, salons, etc. Several gardens flank the palace especially Sabatini botanical gardens which seem more beautiful than other gardens.
There is also a royal staircase whose artistic decoration surpasses most of the other rooms is attributed to Sabatini. Another renovation that went on around it at which more statues were erected is recorded. The historic royal clock of the palace was also enhanced to suit it.
Palacio de Oriente as is called due to its nearness to Oriente immortalizes influences of French and Italian arts. Though there is a decline in baroque arts a few years after works depicted in Madrid shows that they can still be appreciated if combined with neo-classical arts. Philip V was not lucky enough to reside in it rather Charles III was an initial king to live inside that royal castle in 1764. Even after that year, maintenance works continue for a century to preserve their history. There was extensive work in each of them more than three thousand rooms. The sculptures that are found there are constructed by Sabatini with good help of other professionals. Both he and Charles IV left their statues in the palace for posterity.
Currently, nobody of the royal bloodline lives in the royal palace because it is now used only for a state function. A reason for such arrangement is not known though it could be that the government of Spain wants to use the royal palace to boost its tourist ministry. The last royal function there was a royal wedding of Filipe in 2004.
Nevertheless, it is opened daily for tourist attractions as it retains old but beautiful furniture, paintings, and other articles which are past two centuries. It is not yet a UNESCO heritage site though it is important for the Spanish nationals.